The first Earth Day was celebrated on 22 April 1970 to prioritize environmental reforms. It was an era when Industrialization was at its peak. Awaring people about the importance of efficient and wise use of natural resources was needed to preserve nation’s natural resources.
There has been a significant change in the environment since the first Earth Day. As a result of rapid urbanization and population, Global CO2 emissions have been recorded at 33.6 billion tons which are 2.4 times more than 1970.
Greenhouse gas emissions have warmed the earth beyond favorable limits. World Meteorological Organization had announced 2016 as the hottest year in the recorded history, with 1.1 degree celsius above pre-industrial period. These warm temperatures cause the glaciers to melt faster. Faster melting of glaciers results in rising of sea levels. Rising sea levels causes wetland flooding, aquifer and agriculture soil contamination, coastal erosion and loss of freshwater for inhabitant species.
Looking at the brighter side, many nations have been actively willing to fight these Global problems. In 2016, 175 countries signed the Paris Climate Change Agreement to control and prevent environmental deterioration. This agreement states these countries will work to limit global temperature rise below 2C.
What can you do to fight Climate Change?
Three R’s- Reuse, Reduce (Non-renewable energy consumption), Recycle
Use Public Transport, Carpool
Tree plantation drives
earthday IoT saveplanet smartcity oizom cleantechApr 22, 2017